International Relations


As the dust and din settles after the very successful G20 Summit hosted by India on 9-10 September 2023, it is time to revisit the key outcomes.  The theme of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam- One Earth, One Family, that share One Future- underlined India’s abiding belief in inclusivity and interdependence- also clearly underlining the complexity of the current […]

The landmark Digital Personal Data Protection (DPDP) Bill, 2023 is finally here, and it comes with some significant changes from the last draft that was put out for consultation last year. DeepStrat had submitted its comments to the draft in January, 2023 and several suggestions have been incorporated. There are several major changes that have […]

Carl Von Clausewitz, the Prussian General and military theorist introduced the concept of “absolute war” where participants use every means at their disposal to achieve victory. As the Russian invasion of Ukraine enters its seventh day, much of what the world is witnessing reiterates Clausewitz’s theory of absolute war. While the tanks, soldiers, aircraft and […]

YEREVAN — The transformation of the global world order from the “Unipolar Moment” towards the multi-polar system is still in its early stages. It is challenging to assess the precise time frame of this shift. However, the world has entered an era of great power competition marked with instability, a growing role of coercive diplomacy […]

Some hard-nosed calculation based on realpolitik paved the way for the recent visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to Delhi, for the Covid-interrupted 21st annual India-Russia Summit. The timing of the meeting, just before the Biden-Putin virtual summit and the conference of democracies hosted by the US President, was significant. The last in-person summit was […]

The noise amongst the strategists seems to have quietened after the conclusion of the AUKUS agreement between Australia, United Kingdom and The United States. It was not seen as coming but once the agreement was announced it appeared that it was inevitable and obvious. This agreement could change the strategic picture particularly in the Indo […]

The French poet and novelist Victor Hugo had said, “Nothing else in the world, not all the armies are as powerful as an idea whose time has come.” Has the Quad, short for the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, transformed into an idea whose time has come? The recent summit meeting of the four leaders of Australia, […]

The Taliban’s “inclusive” government has turned out to be a farce. It is 100% male, mostly Pashtuns, including some notorious internationally designated terrorists, only two Tajiks and one Uzbek among 33 ministers. Afghanistan’s ethnic, tribal and regional fault lines are apparent, with different Taliban factions vying for power. The pragmatists have been marginalised and the […]

On 26th March 1971, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rehman, gave a public call for independence in Dhaka. Military dictator Gen Yahya Khan unleashed the Pakistani Army and its local collaborators, resulting in a genocide which ultimately killed around 3 million people, left over 200,000 women raped and drove over 10 million refugees into India. This nine-month […]